Artillery Safety Regulations

It is each participant’s responsibility to also comply with the General Event Regulations.

Thank you for registering and supporting The Battle of Resaca reenactment. The artillery staff will do everything we can to make Resaca a fun and safe event for you and your unit.


 1. The maximum number of guns allowed for the battles will be 16 (14 full scale cannons and 2 mountain howitzers).

 2. Due to authenticity standards, only full scale 57” diameter wheel cannon shall be allowed. No mortors or Gatling guns will be allowed.
  1. Mountain howitzers are by invitation only with the approval of the GDRA Commander and Artillery Branch Commander.

  2. If your artillery piece is located on any part of the event grounds and there may be a question about your gun's scale or authenticity, YOU must bring documentation to prove authenticity. It is strongly recommended that you send this documentation to the artillery commander before you register if any questions exist.
 3. Artillery Bounty is paid for the first eight (8) 57” wheel CS cannon and six (6) 57” wheel US cannon (14 total).
  1. Crews & gun must be pre-registered by the registration deadline.

  2. Pre-registration must include registration payment for a minimum crew of five artillerymen and at least one NCO or Officer.

  3. To be eligible for the bounty, the cannon crew must field enough men to safely work the piece (5 men minimum).

  4. The gun and crew must actively participate in all scheduled battles to qualify for the bounty to be paid at the end of the event.

  5. Bounties will be based on the postmark date of properly submitted registrations.

$150.00 bounty will be paid to each of the first 14 cannons as outlined above.

 4. As each pre-registration is received for the above described 14 guns, it will be assigned the number corresponding to its order of receipt. An e-mail acknowledging acceptance and with the number of the order in which it was received will be sent to the pre-registration contact by the GDRA Artillery Branch Commander.

 5. Print the bounty e-mail and present it at the time of your arrival to the GDRA Artillery Branch Commander (see below) so he will know your piece and crew are on site.


 1. The Overall Artillery Commander and Artillery Camp Coordinator for the Reenactment of the Battle of Resaca is the GDRA Artillery Branch Commander (see below). He will designate campsites, control parking and coordinate all rules and regulations regarding safety, equipment, and weapons inspections for all artillery.

 2. There will be an artillery meeting/safety briefing at the Geo. Div. Artillery HQ on Friday evening at 9pm. Each unit needs to send at least one representative.

 3. NO CARS are allowed to park in the artillery towing vehicle parking area or in the artillery camp.

 4. Cannon will not be allowed off the battlefield until all spectators have cleared the area.

 5. Artillery inspections will begin at 10am on Saturday morning.


 1. Anyone who observes an unsafe or potentially dangerous act or situation will call out, “CEASE FIRE, CEASE FIRE”, and then report the reason up the chain of command so that the appropriate action can be taken.

 2. Everyone is reminded of the potential danger that accompanies the use of Artillery pieces. Every effort should be made to ensure that safety procedures are always used within the camps and around the spectators who attend this event, as well as on the field. Unit commanders are expected to assist in the compliance of all rules and regulations by those under their command. Your cooperation in making this a safe and enjoyable event will be much appreciated. Remember, safety first!

 3. No member of a cannon crew shall be allowed on his piece if he has consumed alcoholic beverages during the 6 hours preceding the safety inspection of the piece. If a person is visible intoxicated or is in the process of consuming alcoholic beverages he shall be escorted from the field until after the battle scenario is completed.

 4. The minimum age for participants on gun crews shall be 16 years of age for positions 3-7 and 18 years of age for positions 1, 2 and gunner.

 5. There shall be no unauthorized discharging of any artillery piece outside of the battle scenario without the specific approval of the Artillery Commander of the GDRA or his appointee within the chain of command of the GDRA.

 6. Because of the ever present liability issues in the hobby, the GDRA artillery branch has adopted the maximum blank load allowances which are listed below.
  1. Acceptable powder grades are C, F1 or F2. The Artillery Safety officer will have a scale on site and he will do some random spot checks of rounds.

  2. No smokeless powder, Pyrodex or any similar product shall be used in the construction of any round.

  3. Rounds must be stored at all times in a locked ammunition chest. It is recommended that all rounds should be stored in individual boxes or containers within the ammunition chest.
Table of Maximum Loads for Artillery

Weapon Type Size Maximum Blank Load 19th Century
Napoleon 12 pounder20 ounces
M1841 Howitzer 12 pounder10 ounces
Mountain Howitzer 12 pounder     6 ounces
Gun, 1841 6 pounder10 ounces
Parrott Rifle 3 inch10 ounces
Ordnance Rifle 3 inch10 ounces

*For cannons not listed, the maximum charge is no more than 2-1/2 ounces of powder per one full inch of bore opening.

 7. For safety, authenticity, and uniformity, the Georgia Division Artillery Drill, aka First Confederate Drill or the National Civil War Artillery Association Drill is suggested. The misfire drill from any of the above is acceptable. A copy of the GDRA Artillery drill can be sent to participants upon request. Gun and drill inspections must be deemed safe and appropriate before the piece will be allowed to participate.

 8. Artillery pieces should be on the event grounds by Friday night if possible. Report to the GDRA Artillery Branch Commander when you arrive.

 9. The Artillery Safety Officer, along with the designated CS & US Battery Commanders, will conduct all safety inspections on cannon and related equipment as well as any period black powder muskets and revolvers. All participants shall report to him for all safety matters. Artillery inspection begins at 10am on Saturday morning.
  1. No artillery pieces may be fired without first being inspected.

  2. Cannon crews are required to perform firing and misfiring drills as a part of the safety inspection.

  3. Charges will be prepared using aluminum foil only (no plastic bags). No additional materials such as flour or sawdust will be added to the charges. The only exception is that 12 pounders may use enough material to keep the round from falling over when being loaded.

  4. Any discrepancies must be corrected prior to the engagement.
 10. Due to liability issues, NO CHARGES will be rolled on the event site.

 11. After all inspections are complete, the Artillery Safety Officer will report his findings to the Overall Artillery Commander. The Artillery Commander is responsible for reporting to the Event Provost who serves as the overall Event Safety Officer.

Side Arm & Musket Safety Regulations for Artillery Soldiers

 1. Possession of any type of firing projectile is FORBIDDEN.

 2. Only officers and mounted cavalry are allowed to carry pistols or revolvers.
  1. Revolvers will be carried in a holster. Both will be of appropriate period military issue (no shoulder stocked revolvers are allowed).

  2. Sidearms will not be discharged in close proximity to a loaded piece or ammunition chest.

  3. When the distance between opposing forces is 15 yards or less, all fire must be elevated at an angle of not less than 45 degrees.

  4. No powder flasks will be carried on the field. Extra cylinders will be carried in a safe manner away from any matches or possible fire making apparatus.

  5. Prior to the engagement, the weapon must be clean inside & out and in good working order.

  6. No obstructions are to be in the barrel, no cracks in the metal or wood, and no loose or missing screws.

  7. Barrels must be cleared with the loading plunger or rod during inspections.

  8. All sidearms must be discharged before leaving the field.
 3. Revolvers should be loaded prior to the engagement at least 70 feet from the nearest source of heat.

Weapon Type Caliber Maximum Blank Load for Pistols
Colt and Remington Revolver .44     30 grains FFg
Colt Navy Revolver .3620 grains FFg

 4. Artillerymen will not be allowed on the reenactment field with a sidearm or musket (long arms) during an engagement. This was appropriated for this period. It is the Infantry’s role to support and help protect the guns during battle.

 5. Due to safety issues, only artillery camp pickets or guards shall carry muskets (long arms). The artillery camps will not be assaulted during this event so there is no need for any muskets to be loaded with black powder. This will be enforced by the Artillery Safety Officer.

 6. Sidearms or muskets are never to be discharged in camp.


 1. Visiting units are requested to attend Morning Colors as part of the Resaca Blue/Gray Artillery Battalion. It is mandatory that all GDRA Artillery units attend Colors. Exceptions are those with physical conditions and camp cooks. The GDRA Artillery Branch takes great pride in representing the artillerymen of the past each morning at Colors.

 2. All gun detachment commanders should have their gun crews wear the appropriate rank for the position they are portraying on the field, for example, a gun crew was made up of privates and the gunner was a corporal. The artillery staff understands that there are spectators who won't know the difference but we as living historians do. So, to the best of our ability, we want to show the public what an artillery battery looked like and how they performed their duties in 1864.

 3. The designated Battery Commanders will choose one flag from among the units present to serve as the batteries colors on the field. He may use a different flag each day, but there can only be one flag per battery on the field. The flag chosen needs to be made of the correct material for the period and should also be of a design that is in general representative of the period around the time of the battle. Units with special flags are welcome to and encouraged to display them in their camps.

For further information, please contact:

Col. Steve Lawler
Artillery Branch Commander

These Safety Regulations were designed to make this a safe event for everyone. Please assist us in following them so that we can all return home in good health. Thank You.

The Georgia Division Reenactors Association & the Staff of the Battle of Resaca, Inc., would like to thank you for attending our event!


Georgia Division Reenactors Association
Georgia Division
Reenactors Assoc.

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